Trauma of the Spine
Spinal trauma, or spinal cord injury occurs when there is damage to the spinal cord blocking communication between the brain and the body. A spinal cord injury can occur anywhere in the spine and there are two main classifications of injury: complete and incomplete. There is a range within these classifications that identifies neurologic motor function and sensory function.
A complete spinal cord injury means that the spinal cord has been severed and that communication is totally blocked between the brain and body. The higher this occurs in the spine, the more body parts are affected. An incomplete spinal cord injury indicates that the spinal cord has not been completely severed, but damage has occurred such that communication between brain and body will be compromised.